Building Trust in Design
UK-based Building Trust International explains how a competition-based design organization can change the world.
Written by: Francesca Perry
Photos: Building Trust International
People interested in becoming more engaged in philanthropy and humanitarian aid often ask themselves “how can I make a difference, as just one person?” Likewise, in the architectural community, many designers pose a similar question regarding design competitions: “I am just one designer - what are my chances of winning this competition?” But what if an organization were to marry the two questions by combining design competitions with humanitarian aid? Would the same questions result, or would a new question be born—can my designs change the world?
Building Trust International knows that design can change the world, and change it for the better. Through their architectural and design competitions, they instigate a process that delivers catalysts for positive change, from improved schools for migrant and refugee communities, to flood-resistant homes for Cambodia’s poor and low-cost housing solutions for homeless individuals in the UK. Building Trust champions a participatory process, embedded in the needs and the aspirations of the local communities it serves. In a western culture where design has become synonymous with style and authorship, Building Trust recognizes that the true value of design lies in harnessing it to help those in need globally, through creative and collaborative solutions.
"It was with the idea that design is a powerful tool for social change, along with an insightful visit to the Burmese border that led to the creation of Building Trust,” co-founders David and Louise Cole explain. Whilst at the Thai-Burmese border, they witnessed the struggling children of displaced, stateless Burmese refugees, who were being uprooted due to the lack of land rights. David and Louise soon had the idea of creating a mobile school building that could be disassembled and transported as the refugees moved, thus providing a sustainable education solution for the community. In 2010, they launched their first design competition as Building Trust International to find the best proposal for the school project. David and Louise returned to the border after selecting the winning design, and with the help of local apprentices, built the first “MOVINGschool.” To date, three MOVINGschools have been built, all capable of being dismantled and reused to accommodate the needs of these refugee and migrant communities.
Numerous humanitarian design projects have followed the MOVING school project, and a promising future awaits: “we are constantly looking for new and exciting challenges,” the co-founders tell me, “where our network of like-minded individuals can use their design skills on a local scale to solve global problems with innovative design solutions.”
Such positive projects, of course, rely heavily on funding. All current BTI projects have been funded through charitable activities such as design competitions and fundraising, as well as through partnerships with corporate sponsors, fellow NGOs and international grants. “The main challenge we face as an organization,” David and Louise explain, “is sourcing funding for projects and staff. We are always on the lookout for new partners to join our team and help us deliver more humanitarian design solutions around the world.” It seems that, as in many cases, the more positive the social impact of a project, the more difficult it can be to secure funding; this is a problem that continues to hold back the design world from achieving widespread benefits for those in need.
There are, however, more promising developments in design practice to celebrate. The Building Trust co-founders agree that themes such as community involvement and the use of less environmentally damaging materials are, encouragingly, on the rise. But terms such as “sustainability” have now become so all-encompassing that they cease to possess real meaning. Designers are in danger of using sustainability as more of a trend rather than a driving principle. Whilst the co-founders of BTI are heartened to see more interest from younger designers, architects and engineers in similar charitable organizations—and they hope that this interest can begin to materialize more in mainstream commercial architecture—they are aware that change also needs to be driven by clients. According to the Coles, “This is where…design could change slightly, in designers being perceived as catalysts for design rather than providers of design. It may seem like a subtlety, but in practice it means more fruitful relationships between client, community and designer that transform into better buildings and urban environments for us all.” It is surely within the relationship between stakeholders and deliverers that most of the challenges – as well as the opportunities – of design lie. There is a pressing need to align interests and share notions of value, because this promotes collaboration over traditional hierarchies.
Indeed participatory processes are at the heart of the Building Trust ethos: one of the charity’s main aims is to ensure all projects are worked through with the local community. “It is key to making the project a success by engaging the local people and ensuring the building is truly theirs,” David and Louise explain. In the second MOVINGschool project, for example, the local community was highly involved in the design of the building from day one; from choosing the structures, location and size and discussing construction methods to participating in the construction itself, the community of “end users” also became the designers and deliverers, playing a meaningful part in positive local change.
Building Trust believes that design at its heart is about problem-solving, and that designers should prioritize tackling larger social and environmental issues rather than simply making things look good. The charity’s co-founders agree that awareness of public interest design has picked up over the past 10 years, and that more attention is being given to projects that are people-driven rather than defined by aesthetics. However, there is still some way to go: “there needs to be more balance between architecture as an object and architecture as something that is inhabited,” David and Louise assert; “we like to think we are moving closer to that balance.”
Whilst many of the Building Trust projects take place in developing countries with urgent humanitarian needs, the organization is acutely aware of various needs in different contexts. In 2012, they initiated a design competition looking for new responses to single occupancy housing (SOH) in developed countries. The resulting project, HAWSE (Homes through Apprenticeships With Skills for Employment), addresses the needs of homeless individuals in London, working on the principal of providing temporary low-cost housing solutions in disused garage units whilst empowering users through skills building. Building Trust has been working with Levitt Bernstein (the winning designers), as well as YMCA, Habitat for Humanity and the local authority in order to create a delivery and management strategy for the project. The temporary HAWSE structures aim to be delivered to each site as a “kit-of-parts” ready for installation in each garage space, as a single en-suite bedroom, communal laundry room, or kitchen and dining area. Conceived as an interim solution, the units are demountable and reusable elsewhere. “The idea of housing alone is an Elastoplast,” David and Louise clarify, “and that is why the HAWSE project gathered the support of the YMCA, Habitat for Humanity and Broadway to ensure apprenticeships, support and that the project was an incremental part in a larger framework of development.” It is this keen awareness of the bigger picture that sets Building Trust International apart. The co-founders anticipate that the HAWSE model could be replicated elsewhere: “the idea is sound in creating micro homes for those that cannot afford shelter in urban centres within ‘developed’ countries. The key is in the right support framework being there alongside developments offering counseling and support to tackle issues that resulted in people getting into desperate situations in the first place.”
In the UK, some find themselves homeless for a number of social and economic reasons. But for those in Cambodia, where Building Trust’s most recent project took place, it is the environment that can play a destabilizing role. Last year, the charity hosted a design challenge to find a sustainable housing design to meet the needs of Cambodia’s poor population affected by the constant threat of flooding. As a result they worked alongside Habitat for Humanity Cambodia (H4HC), with funding from the Elton John AIDS Foundation, and delivered three new housing designs that H4HC now offer. The winning designs from the competition were chosen by the families who now live in them, a participatory process often followed in Building Trust competitions. “It was fantastic to offer a range of designs to the families… providing them with a choice in their home design and a new start which they can define,” explain the Building Trust’s co-founders. True to the charity’s name, methods like this go a long way towards instilling and building trust in their design process.
The newest competition to be launched by Building Trust International is “MOVED to CARE” which challenges design professionals and students to create proposals for a transportable medical health centre to be implemented in remote or mobile communities within Southeast Asia. Access to healthcare services in these rural communities is sorely limited, particularly in contrast to their urban counterparts; this means that those living in rural areas are sicker as well as poorer. Building Trust believes mobile medical services could address this discrepancy between health needs and service provision, lowering death rates and improving lives. Small mobile medical units could bring care to these otherwise disconnected communities, by creating space for qualified medical staff, immunizations, screening, medical advice and vital information. This need for relocatable designs, paired with the desire to connect remote rural groups with improved healthcare, led Building Trust International to create the MOVED to CARE design brief. BTI is accepting submissions from professional and student architects, designers and engineers until the end of February, aiming to choose the winning proposal at the end of March. The co-founders hope that this first MOVED to CARE competition will generate ideas for healthcare solutions for refugee and displaced groups elsewhere in the region and globally.
Building Trust International’s individual projects form catalysts for a much wider design impact: “the real aim here,” David and Louise explain, “is in proving value of design within resource-limited communities on a micro scale and providing solutions to a resource-limited planet on a macro scale.” Organizations such as Building Trust offer hope that we are incrementally moving towards a better world, one where trust is built in design as a positive process as well as a solution. If socially minded, community-integrated practice becomes more deeply embedded as a collective starting point, then we can anticipate at least a deceleration if not an overhaul of current widespread profit-oriented design and development. The aspiration is that not only architectural and design practitioners, but also clients, will participate in and promote these beneficial processes. Building Trust International looks set to play a crucial role in moving towards this more positive future for design.
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